Smart Renewable Energy Systems and Decarbonisation – The Danish Target of a 70% decrease in CO2 emission by 2030
by Henrik Lund



This presentation focus on how societies can design and implement renewable energy and decarbonisation strategies. The presentation presents and discuss a set of methods and criteria to design Smart Energy Systems, while taking into account the context of 100% renewable energy on a national level. Countries should handle locally what concerns local demands, but acknowledge the international context when discussing resources and industrial and transport demands. To illustrate the method, it is applied to the case of Denmark within the context of a European and a global energy system.


Recently, the Danish Government supported by the Danish Parliament decided for the target of a 70% decrease in Greenhouse gasses by 2030. This presentation includes a list of theoretical and methodological considerations as well as a concrete proposal on how such targets can be implemented. It is highlighted that already now one have to think beyond 2030 in order to prepare for the next step to achieve a fully decarbonisation by 2040 or 2050. It is also highlighted that a country such as Denmark have to consider how to include its share of international shipping and aviation as well as how to design a solution with Denmark’s share of sustainable biomass resources.